1. You need to have a medical malpractice lawyer review any potential case, as in Illinois you cannot even FILE a case without an expert's affidavit.
2. It would be filed where the malpractice occurred (Montana).
3. Each state has different time limits, so contact a lawyer in Montana.
4. Since you are no longer a minor, you may (at least in IL) only have 2 years after you turned 18 to file suit, so get moving.
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You will need to file suit in Montana. Whether you have a viable action will depend upon many more details that you can provide here. Please consult with one or more Montana attorneys who handle medical malpractice suits.
It is possible, but exceedingly rare. I would hire a lawyer in Montana to review the case.
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Proper venue is the situs of the injury or where the defendant resides. You could also file in Federal Court if you have perfect diversity, meaning all defendant's and plaintiff's are from different states and the amount in controversy is over $75,000.00. You should speak to an experience malpractice attorney.
My post is for informational purposes only and in no way establishes an attorney client relationship.