Sounds like an unhealthy place to work, and it sounds like you should be looking for someplace else to work, if you haven't already. The sad reality in Georgia is, that you can be fired for any reason, good or bad, or none for that matter, so long as the motivating reason for terminating you is not discriminatory. Do not put your health at risk by continuing to work there. Take off whatever time you need to get well, and when you do, begin your new job search with vigor. If voluntarily leaving this job is not an option, get yourself to a doctor immediately and tell him/her what is going on at work.
Dean R. Fuchs
This post is for marketing and informational purposes only. It is not intended to nor does it create an attorney-client relationship with the reader.
In an "at-will" employment state like Georgia (and every other state), either the employer or employee may terminate the employment relationship with or without cause at any time. Unless you have a written employment agreement that requires notices or a process based on cause to fire you; have rights arising under a union contract in which you are a member; or have been discharged for some unlawful reason (age, race, gender, disability discrimination), the answer to your question is "yes." The employer here could fire you because he doesn't like the way you part your hair and you'd have no actionable recourse.
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