The filing spouse must properly file a divorce action and have the responding spouse served with process (a copy of the citation and petition) by a sheriff, constable or private process server. There is no requirement for the responding spouse to sign anything and a divorce can be granted over the responding spouse's objection.
A signature is only required in the case of an agreed divorce.
Note that, if service is proper, and the responding spouse does not file a written answer and appear in court (personally or through counsel), the divorce can then be obtained as a default judgment. That is, the divorce may be granted without the responding spouse ever appearing in court. This is not a good thing if you are the responding spouse as all allegations in the divorce petition are taken as true.
If you have had a divorce decree entered against you by default, you have a very short time period in which to object. I suggest you consult an attorney as soon as possible, if this has happened (or is about to happen) to you.
Mr. King has given sound advice. The other's spouse's signature is only required where you are claiming to have an agreement on the terms of the divorce decree, or on a waiver of service of citation.
If your spouse will not sign a waiver of citation, then have the clerk issue a citation and get your spouse served. Once that is done, prepare a decree of divorce ending the marriage, reciting that no children were born or adopted during the marriage and no property was acquired. Send it to your spouse asking him/her to sign it. If signed, set the case on the docket for entry at least 60 days after filing it. If he/she won't sign, ask for trial setting. Here in Harris County, you and your spouse will be required to attend mediation if there is no written agreement about the divorce. You might want to talk to the Houston Bar Association help desk in the bottom of the Family Law Building.
I am not intending this to be legal advice, because I don't know the particulars of your situation. Call me if you would like to discuss this or other isues.
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