A city resident in Indiana with a prior felony conviction believes they can possess a long gun and/or a handgun in their home for personal protection as long as it is not carried on their person. I disagree. Can you please clarify the Indiana and federal laws on this. Also would they be allowed to transport a handgun in a locked box in a vehicle to and from a shooting range or to shoot on private property? Lastly, can they even lawfully purchase and posses handgun ammunition.
Given the information you have provided I will give you a very "nutshell" answer that should NOT be relied upon to determine whether or not any particular individual may legally possess a firearm.
Indiana has two prohibitions that may come into play under your circumstances. One, a serious violent felon may not possess a firearm; regardless of the area in which it is possessed. The individual you are referring to will want to note that a "serious violent felony" is specifically defined by law and contains crimes that could be considered "non-violent" in common parlance.
Second, a person who has been convicted of a crime of battery on a current or former domestic partner is also prohibited from possessing a firearm under Indiana law.
Even if neither applies, anyone convicted of a crime that carries a potential sentence of greater than one year may not possess a firearm or ammunition under federal law. All felonies in Indiana carry maximum sentences of over a year.
It is important to note that under Indiana Law, a firearm is defined to include "muzzleloaders." Therefore a violent felon or domestic batterer can not possess muzzleloading firearms without violating state law.
Federal law does not define muzzleloaders as firearms. Thus, a felon in Indiana may legally possess a muzzleloader if they are not a serious violent felon and have not been convicted of a crime involving domestic violence so long as they are not on probation or otherwise prohibited.
There are many factors outside of being a felon under both state and federal law that regulate whom may possess a firearm. Anyone who is seeking to determine whether or not they may legally possess a firearm should contact an attorney with knowledge of state and federal firearm laws.
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