Unless sealed, juvenile adjudications can be used as a reason for more penalties in an adult case. Not sure what you mean by "career me out." The presence of a firearm almost always brings a stiffer sentence than in the same case without the firearm. Enhance means give a sentence greater than that allowed for the underlying crime. That can't be done unless it it charged.
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If this is a federal case, yes, if the facts of the case and the prior conviction support the enhancement. However, there are many ways in which prior convictions for firearms offense may enhance sentences (increased US Sentencing Guidelines ranges; Armed Career Criminal status; Career Offender status; increased mandatory minimum penalties for statutory offenses, just to name a few); therefore, more information is needed.
Joshua Sabert Lowther, Esq.
NATIONAL FEDERAL DEFENSE GROUP