If you believe your personal health information has been disclosed inappropriately to an individual you have not authorized to receive it, you may report it to Health and Human Services Office of Civil rights. This is known as a HIPAA violation. Here is a link to direct you in reporting the suspected violation:
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If you have an employer supplied health insurance plan, employment agreement, non-compete agreement or any other contractual document that you signed when you got the job, you may have signed off on this disclosure. Often employees do not read, in detail, what they sign when human relations takes you in on the first day. If your employer is big enough to have computer access to healthcare records of its employees, I am going to assume the company feels it is able to look at the records. You may think it is an invasion of privacy, but without damages, you will not get much interest from lawyers in getting involved in litigation. There is a small chance that if you can find out that what the company did is illegal and the company is big enough and is non-union, a class action may be feasible but I doubt it.
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