Property cannot be taken without due process. For example, you have to be provided with sufficient legal notice before a creditor can seize any of your assets. It sounds to me that you were not properly provided notice. I would encourage you to meet with an attorney nearby to get some advice on how/if you could vacate the judgment and execution. Good Luck!
I am an attorney licensed to practice law in Ohio and some Federal Courts throughout the United States. I am not answering your question to solicit you as a client and there is a good chance that I am not licensed to practice law in the state that you reside. I hope that you find my assistance beneficial and, at most, use my advise as a finger pointing in the right direction. An attorney client relationship is not established by posting back and forth online. One of the most beneficial aspects of working with an attorney is the attorney client privilege which does not exist when you post personal facts online to faceless strangers. Hire an attorney if you want specific legal advise. If you cannot afford one, call your local bar association or search "(your city) legal aid" online. The fact that you took the time to post your question online likely means that you could use the aid of an attorney. Call around your area and see if any local attorneys offer free consultations.
Jeffrey gave a great answer. You should gather all relevant documents you have and find an experienced local attorney that offers a free initial consultation to go over everything with you.
This kind of think can happen under one of two different scenarios - 1) the creditor is your bank and takes money from you under a provision in your contract with them called "set off" or cross collateralization." 2) the collection agency has a court judgment against you and the court issued a Writ allowing the sheriff to seize your money. #2 is much more common than #1, but I would begin by speaking with a manager at your bank to see they can provide you with copies of the sheriff's order, which you can follow like breadcrumbs to the Courthouse where the order was granted. As an alternative, since the bank may not be open today, you can pull a copy of your credit report and see if it lists any "public records" which would be a court judgment. I am posting a link to take you to a site where you can get free credit reports online right away. Once you know what court issued a judgment, you can search the records of the court for more details and clues to what has happened. My best guess is that you got served by publication because you moved and the creditor no longer had a current address for you. Hope this perspective helps!
Linked below is my blog posting on the defendant's options when first learning that a default judgment was obtained, without proper service of the debt collection lawsuit. Essentially, you may have legal defenses to the lawsuit, but if that was not timely asserted in a legal response to the complaint filed in court, then a default judgment is obtained by the debt collection attorney. You will probably need to retain a lawyer to deal with this case and setting aside the default judgment. Alternatively, I have settled old default judgments, so that the debt is considered fully satisfied.
Robert Stempler (please see DISCLAIMER below)
NOTICE: The above statements are provided for general information purposes only and are not intended as legal advice or advice of any sort for a specific case or legal matter. If you do not have a signed attorney-client fee agreement with the Consumer Law Office of Robert Stempler, APC ("the Firm"), then until such written fee agreement is provided and signed by both a prospective client and attorney for a particular case, neither Mr. Stempler nor the Firm will represent you nor will they be your attorney in any matter and you remain responsible for retaining your own attorney and for compliance with any and all deadlines and for any statutes of limitations that may pertain to potential claims. Comments made on a public forum, such as Avvo.com, to not have any confidentiality because others may read them. If you desire a private consultation with Mr. Stempler that is confidential, please go to www.StopCollectionLawsuits.com and submit a free eCase Review. The result portrayed for a client was dependent on the facts of that case. Results will differ if based on different facts. The Firm and Mr. Stempler are a debt relief agency. The Firm and Mr. Stempler help people file for bankruptcy relief under the Bankruptcy Code.
Yes; a judgment creditor can have your bank account levied without prior notice to you. However, if the loss of money causes a financial hardship, you should consider preparing and mailing to the levying officer (the L.A. Co. Sheriff) a Claim of Exemption (http://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/ej160.pdf) with attached Financial Statement (http://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/ej165.pdf). The sheriff will hold the funds pending the creditor's decision whether to set a court hearing to decide the exemption.
As for the unknown judgment against you, I suggest you consult with a local collections defense attorney to advise you whether you can have the judgment set aside.
You need to file a claim of exemption and also a motion to vacate the default judgment. Go to the courthouse and get a copy of the Proof of Service of the Summons and Complaint, and a copy of the Complaint. Then consult a lawyer regarding filing a motion to vacate the default judgment.
Typically, property cannot be taken from a private individual without due process. Here, it sounds as though you were not provided sufficient legal notice BEFORE the creditor seized your assets, and as a result, your right to due process may not have been met. Going forward, it is imperative to see if you can get the judgement set aside or vacated on the grounds of due process.
I suggest that you contact a local consumer protection attorney as this question is a delicate legal issue and needs close examination.
Feel free to contact my office, Hyde & Swigart, at (619) 233-7770 with any questions or inquiries you may have. Good luck!
Hyde & Swigart is a law firm concentrating its efforts in the area of consumer law, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1692 et seq. (“FDCPA”), and California's Rosenthal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, California Civil Code §§ 1788-1788.32 ("Rosenthal Act"). Our lawyers are specially trained in the Federal FDCPA, Consumer Defense, and other consumer related matters. Our goal is to protect you against unfair, deceptive and abusive debt collection practices. Creditors, professional debt collectors, and attorneys who violate the law are subject to paying damages, statutory penalties, and the consumer's attorneys fees and costs. If you feel you have been abused, deceived or treated unfairly, you may need a lawyer. We can be reached at 619-233-7770, or through one of the evaluation forms on this site.