Unfortunately, whether the work is shoddy or well-done, a contractor may lawfully file a lien for payment due. Depending on the circumstances, you may wish to file a motion to remove the lien or sue for breach of contract. You may contact me to discuss this matter.
The answer to whether the contractor can file a mechanic's lien against your property is "yes." The real question is whether the mechanic's lien would be valid and the answer to that is "maybe." First, a contractor can file a mechanic's lien if he or she believes there is money owed for labor or materials provided towards the improvement of the project. Second, whether the work was "shoddy" or in some other way unsatisfactory is an underlying defense to the claim but not a prohibition against filing a mechanic's lien. However, if the mechanic's lien was wilfully exaggerated as you seem to believe then you may be able to invalidate the lien in its entirety and recovery certain damages.
You may find my legal guide on what to do if a mechanic's lien is filed against your property helpful. The guide can be found here:
You may also wish to visit our website for more information on mechanic's liens in the State of New York. We are located at: