Yes, the co-owner can sue. However, the real question is whether s/he will prevail. You need to find an experienced trusts and estates attorney to discuss the facts and circumstances surrounding your case, your rights and options, and the merits of any legal action you may pursue to make an informed decision.
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If the owners cannot agree, one always has the right to bring a partition action to try to force to sale. The opposing owners can buy-out that owner, if possible, assuming they don't want the property sold.
I'm 3 "most helpful" answers away from a free blender! I may be guessing or not licensed in your state. No atty/client relationship exists. Who reads these disclaimers anyway? If you're reading this, let me know because I'm curious. Did you know that a watched pot never boils and that a stitch in time saves nine? Or that a rolling stone gathers no moss? Honestly, I am surprised that you are still reading this disclaimer. Personally, I normally don’t pay much attention to these things. I am impressed and commend you for taking the time. I never actually anticipated anyone would ever get this far into my disclaimer and I only wish I had something more meaningful to say. Thank you for bearing with me and for sticking it out to the end.
If the life tenant is dead, there is no longer a life estate. Partition actions are expensive. It is much better if one party buys out the other or the two agree to sell the property to a 3rd party. That way, everyone does best. Try to keep emotions out of it.
My answer to your question is for general purposes only and does not establish an attorney-client relationship,
If there is a co-owned life estate, the life estate still exists, and the life tenant can sue for partition. However, title like this makes for a messy case, but if no one will budge, then a suit is the only option. A sale will be granted in the end, but most cases like this settle.
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