The double jeopardy clause and the jurisprudence that gives meaning to it are very complicated. In your basic example, absent additional facts, the answer is no, the person would not be able to be retried.
Andrew M. Bonderud, Esq.
The Bonderud Law Firm, P.A.
Andrew M. Bonderud, Esq. is an attorney with The Bonderud Law Firm, P.A. He offers free consultations 24/7. Andrew's posting here is not to be considered legal advice nor does an attorney-client relationship exist.