I have worked part-time steadily for 4 years 8 months, for the same employer. They are now changing my Sales Associate job to commission only. Am I eligible to file for unemployment if I don't accept this commission only pay arrangement?
The answer to the question that you ask in the title is that an employer can offer benefits to any employee, full time or part time.
Your question in the text about being able to claim unemployment if you quit when the terms of employment change, the answer is that you probably cannot. That would be a determination made by the Texas Employment Commission. But, Texas is an employment at will state and you can be terminated without cause, but here you have voluntarily given up your position. If I were you, I would argue that this was a reduction in your pay to nothing, and was tantamount to a termination of employment. If I were the employer, I would state that you could have earned much more, that you simply did not agree with the new terms of your employment and quit
If you look on the TEC website, there is something called an Appeals Policy and Precedent Manual that might give you some guidance here. It contains summaries of prior case decisions. Good luck to you.
I agree with most of Mr. Peckham's answer, but I think there may be more to your unemployment question. Specifically, if you can establish that either (a) your new pay structure will result in at least a 25% reduction in your take-home pay, or (b) other terms of your employment - due to the new pay structure - have been significantly altered in a way that would cause a reasonable person to resign and find new employment [for example, if you must now work 60 hours per week instead of 40 hours per week to earn the same pay that you were making before], I believe you may be eligible for unemployment benefits even if you resign your position.
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