No, we're not actually required to do any pro bono cases at all (they talk about requiring it periodically, but that suggestion's never gone anywhere). Court appointments don't have anything to do with pro bono work, though. Pro bono attorneys are not paid at all, whereas court-appointed attorneys are paid by the county, typically at a lower rate than they would get for a retained case. There are different requirements for the various different types of court appointments (such as criminal defense, juvenile cases, CPS cases, and so on). For the criminal appointments, for examole, you need to do ten hours of continuing legal education courses in criminal law and have experience handling the level of cases you're trying to get appointments for (misdemeanors and various degrees of felonies), while the CPS and juvenile cases require special training in those areas. In order to qualify to get a court-appointed attorney, you have to demonstrate to the court that you do not have the financial ability to be able to hire an attorney yourself (usually, you just fill out a form listing your income, dependents, expenses, and any property you have). Often, you will end up having to pay the county back for a court-appointed attorney, though, so if there's any way you can afford to pay for one yourself up front, it may be to your advantage to choose your own attorney (which you can only do if you retain one yourself).
Except in New York: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/02/nyregion/new-lawyers-in-new-york-to-be-required-to-do-some-work-free.html
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