Even if the back pay is considered his separate property, as opposed to marital property, you have a right to fight for an equitable distribution from that money. You definitely need to contact a local attorney. An attorney can help you assess the strength of your case.
The advice given is general in nature and does not constitute legal advice or the establishment of an attorney-client relationship; nor does it supersede any specific advice given to you from an attorney you consult directly in your local area.
If nothing else, have your attorney use this http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3105.171 and go to the very end and argue for a distributive award.
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You need to consult with an attorney in your area to give you your options. You should be entitled to something depending on what option they think would be in your best interest once they have all the facts.
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