You need to clarify the facts as well as whether this pertains to you or someone else. Whoever was injured should consult with an experienced civil rights/personal injury attorney.
Before you can consider taking any action, you must give what is called "ante litem" notice within the required time period. I don't know how long ago this occurred, and so I can't determine if there is even a case to pursue. You should contact a lawyer to make sure all requirements are met timely.
Tough to answer this one without more detail. Among other things, the case would be subject to different legal analysis depending on whether he was sentenced to serve more than one year, i.e. he was in State custody; or less than one year, i.e. he remained a County inmate. If he served all of his time in DeKalb Jail, I assume he was a county inmate. If so, individual jailers can only be held liable if they demonstrated deliberate indifference to the inmate's known medical needs. The deliberate indifference standard presents a very high bar, but it is not insurmountable with the right facts. Some of the facts you describe suggest that there may well be an actionable claim here under applicable Federal law. State law generally offers no recourse, although DeKalb County does use an independent company to provide medical services. It is sometimes possible to bring a medical malpractice action against such a company under state law. I would encourage you to speak with a qualified civil rights attorney as soon as possible. These cases are subject to strict time limits.
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