Maybe. It may depend on what the release that you signed says. You should have gotten an attorney for the claim against your mother in law's estate. If you have not done so already, you will need one to deal with the truck driver.
The information provided should not be considered legal advice. I am not licensed to practice in any State other than SC. The results of your case will depend on the presentation of evidence, the law and other factors that may change depending on an in depth analysis of the facts of the case. Please see an attorney before making legal decisions.
In civil litigation, dismissal with prejudice can take a couple of different forms. Once a case has been brought to court and a judgment has been made, the matter is concluded, or dismissed. The term "with prejudice" indicates the court cannot be asked to rule on the same issues again.
This is a similar legal doctrine to double jeopardy in a criminal case. In the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and some other jurisdictions, a person cannot be tried for the same crime twice. Once the individual has been found not guilty, the matter effectively forms a dismissal with prejudice.
The other form that a dismissal with prejudice can take is when a civil case is dismissed by a judge on those terms. The judge effectively stops the plaintiff, who is the person claiming they suffered a loss or injury, from starting another lawsuit based on the same incident, or cause of action. The parties to the legal action may agree to a voluntary dismissal with prejudice if they settled the matter before it got in front of a judge.
A dismissal without prejudice is a different matter. Like a dismissal with prejudice, the legal action is finished. When this type of dismissal occurs, the plaintiff in the matter can bring a lawsuit before the court based on the same cause of action later if he or she chooses to do so.
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Absent fraud, there is usually no way to reopen a settled case. Much may hinge on what this "new evidence" is and what the language is contained in the release you signed.
Also, as insurance claims are more or less adversarial proceedings, much like court, it is incumbent upon each party to perform their due diligence in determining all the evidence prior to reaching any agreement.
Hope this helps.
Stephen L. Hoffman
Law Office of Stephen L. Hoffman LLC
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I agree with Mr. Hoffman. Unless you can prove fraud, there's just no possible way you're going to alter the settlement. But you should hire a lawyer to review the exact language.
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