An uncontested divorce is one in which the spouses are in agreement on all relevant issues such as division of property, child custody, child support, and spousal support. This agreement means that the divorce does not have to be litigated (that is, decided by a divorce court judge), which greatly reduces costs incurred from attorney fees.
If the spouses do not have children or jointly owned real estate, a pro se (do it yourself) divorce may be appropriate: the parties may obtain the required forms from the court, fill them out themselves, and submit the signed forms to the court along with the filing fee(s). If the couple has dependent children or jointly owned real estate, however, it's best for them to get legal advice - even if the divorce is uncontested.
If one party had been covered by the other party's health insurance by virtue of being the other party's spouse, he or she will no longer be covered by this plan after the divorce. In addition, any joint bank accounts or joint credit card accounts will have to be closed.