Convictions based on violent offenses can carry some of the harshest penalties under Ohio law. For this reason, it is imperative to consult with a criminal defense attorney at the earliest stage of the prosecution or investigation. The penalties for these crimes range from light prison sentences and fines for less serious offenses to the death penalty for conviction of aggravated murder. Because the penalties can be harsh, it is important to consult with an Ohio criminal defense attorney as soon as possible.
The crime of kidnapping is defined in Ohio Revised Code § 2905.01. It states that it is illegal to restrain the liberty of another person through force, threat or deception, or by any means in order to:
This crime is a felony, but can be charged as a felony of the first or second degree.
The crime of abduction is defined in Ohio Revised Code § 2905.02, which states it is illegal to:
Furthermore, it is illegal to do anything prohibited in the above three sections with a sexual motivation. The crime of abduction can be charged as a felony of the second or third degree, depending on which prohibition is violated.
The crime of unlawful restraint is defined in Ohio Revise Code § 2905.03, which states it is illegal to:
The crime of unlawful restraint is a misdemeanor of the third degree.
The crime of assault is defined in §2903.13 of the Ohio Revised Code and occurs when a person knowingly causes or attempts to cause physical harm, or serious physical harm, to another person or a person’s unborn child.
Assault can be a misdemeanor of the first degree, or felony of the third, fourth or fifth degree, depending on the victim and place where the offense occurred.
The crime of aggravated assault is defined in Ohio Revised Code § 2903.12, and occurs when a person causes serious physical harm to another or to another’s unborn, or causes or attempts to cause physical harm to another or to another’s unborn by using a deadly weapon, when provoked or in the heat of passion or rage.
The crime of aggravated assault is either a felony of the third or fourth degree, depending on the victim.
Ohio Revised Code § 2903.03 defines the crime of voluntary manslaughter. This offense occurs when a person knowingly causes the death of another person or the unlawful termination of another’s pregnancy while under the influence of sudden passion or in a sudden fit of rage, either of which is brought on by serious provocation on the part of the victim.
Voluntary Manslaughter is a felony of the first degree.
The crime of involuntary manslaughter is defined in Ohio Revised Code § 2903.04, and occurs when a person causes the death of another or unlawfully terminates the pregnancy of another by:
If the death or termination of the pregnancy occurred during the felony, then the crime is a felony of the first degree. However, if it occurred during the misdemeanor then it is a felony of the third degree.
Murder is defined in Ohio Revised Code § 2903.02, and occurs where a person purposefully causes the death of another person or unlawfully terminate another person’s pregnancy. A person can also commit this offense if they cause the death of another person from the commission of a first or second degree felony. According to Ohio Rev. Code § 2901.22, a person acts purposely when it is his specific intention to cause a certain result, or, when the gist of the offense is a prohibition against conduct of a certain nature, regardless of what the offender intends to accomplish thereby, it is his specific intention to engage in conduct of that nature.
The crime of aggravated murder is defined in Ohio Revised Code § 2903.01, which states it is illegal to:
Also, the crime specifically applies to purposely causing the death of a law enforcement officer whom the offender knows or has reasonable cause to know is a law enforcement officer when either of the following applies:
Below are the basic penalties for convictions of violent crimes in Ohio, although these basic sentences may be enhanced or amended depending on the individual circumstances of the case, including the offender’s criminal history, age of the victim, or whether a different, mandatory sentence is imposed.
If you would like to consult a Cleveland criminal defense attorney regarding your criminal charges, you can contact Thomas G. Haren at Haren Law, LLC at (216) 503-2232.
Please remember that this is not legal advice. It is presented for informational purposes only.