Immigration Fraud: Just Don't Do It

Susan Kyong-Lee Pai

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Immigration Attorney

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Posted over 4 years ago. 2 helpful votes

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Test for Materiality

The test of materiality is not whether the false statements in fact influenced immigration officials to grant a visa, but whether the false statement had a natural tendency to influence the officials' decision. Materiality under 18 U.S.C. A? 1001 requires that the misstatement be relevant to a fact that is a precondition to the grant of the particular benefit sought. Thus, while a misstatement that relates to an ancillary, non-determinative fact is not material, a misstatement that would have a natural tendency to affect a decision to issue a document is material. Excerpt from 3 Immigration Law Service 2d A? 17:173 (2009) citing Robles v United States, 279 F2d 401 (1960, CA9 Ariz), cert den 365 US 836, 5 L Ed 2d 745, 81 S Ct 750, reh den 365 US 890, 6 L Ed 2d 201, 81 S Ct 1032; U.S. v. Dedhia, 1998 WL 19912 (6th Cir. 1998); United States v Naserkhaki, 722 F Supp 242 (1989, ED Va). Emphasis added by Susan Pai

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Concealment of Material Fact

For purposes of the provision dealing with revocation of naturalization, proof of materiality of the misrepresentation or concealment establishes a rebuttable presumption that one who obtained citizenship in a proceeding where he or she made material misrepresentations was disqualified for naturalization, and the burden then shifts to the naturalized citizen to refute the presumption by showing, through a preponderance of the evidence, that the statutory requirement, as to which the misrepresentation had a natural tendency to produce a favorable decision, was in fact met. Excerpt from 3C Am. Jur. 2d Aliens and Citizens A? 2498. Emphasis added by Susan Pai

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Observation

The Supreme Court has raised the possibility that the test for materiality of misrepresentations in applications for citizenship may differ from that applicable to false statements in visa applications. A court of appeals has subsequently held that while misrepresentations to immigration officials when securing an immigrant visa must be material to form a basis for denaturalization, the government need not prove that the applicant would not have received a visa if he or she had not made the misrepresentation. The Supreme Court has also raised the possibility that misrepresentations or concealments made in applying for an immigrant visa may render the visa invalid, thereby rendering the person subject to denaturalization under the provision dealing with citizenship that was illegally procured because lawful residence is another requirement of naturalization. Excerpt from 3C Am. Jur. 2d Aliens and Citizens A? 2498

Additional Resources

Passport and Visa Fraud

Latest Press Releases re ICE Arrests for Immigration Fraud

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