Although when parties are of different nationalities, or different religions, one can see the cultural issues more clearly, these issues are not necessarily limited to such diversity of national origin and the like. An engineer and a physician may have such a diverse culture that the same problems may arise in the resolution of their cases. Whereas, a person from Middle Eastern ancestry may have adopted the US culture to the degree that he or she may not have any cultural issues. A mediator or a negotiator must look deeper than just the nationalities of the parties to an action or look to factors other than nationalities.
Recognition of Cultural Issues is Half the Battle
Generally in a dispute or negotiation, if the parties realize that cultural diffierences do exist, they will be is a better position to resolve the dispute or to negotiate more favorably. Therefore, it behooves the negotiator or the mediator to study the opposing party prior to getting to the table.
Additional resources provided by the author
Review my article "A Primer on Cross Cultural Mediation"