If you both knew that both dogs had a tendency to fight, you may both be equally responsible. Your friend may have homeowner's insurance that may cover this situation for you.
In new your if you can establish vicious propensities in the other person's dog then the other person in strictly liable of all damages. Vicious propensities can sometimes be shown by a history of fighting with other dogs including biting. This is not guaranteed. That is the answer under the law. Under a different authority, common sense, you are mostly responsible.... Bringing your own dog to a friend's house knowing that the friend has a new dog and that the dog was not used to your dog was unwise. Once you knew the dog had a history of fighting, as the guest, you should have removed your dog from the situation or exercised sufficient control to avert any conflict. Seeing that the initial interaction was stressed (stiff as you put it) you should have paid closer attention or removed your dog. Not knowing which dog started it is sure evidence that you were not handling your responsibility as a dog owner, with a dog away from your own home, in an appropriate manner. Poor conduct i think on your part but if i had to pick a winner under the law, assuming that your dog does not have provable vicious propensities, I would say that you would prevail.....
Are you going to sue your friend? Chalk it up to a lesson learned and move on.
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Depends if you want to lose a friend or keep a friend. A lawsuit will have an uncertain outcome other than losing a friend.
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You can file your claim with your friend's homeownwer's insurance co or take him to small claims court. Either action is likely to jeopardize your friendship, so act with this in mind.
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