Who determines the punishment in a criminal conviction?

Is it the judge or jury? What about state laws that say stuff like "a minimum of three years in prison" type of thing?

Berkeley, CA -

Attorney Answers (3)

James H. Dippery Jr

James H. Dippery Jr

Criminal Defense Attorney - Weaverville, CA
Answered

The jury, after hearing the evidence at trial, determines whether or not the person is guilty. It is the judge that determines the sentence. In a misdemeanor matter the maximum sentence is generally six months, or sometimes a year. There are also certain offenses that carry specified minimums.

In felony matters the Penal Code (or Health & Safety Code, or Vehicle Code, etc.) will provide a three tier choice for the judge to choose from (often 16 months, two years, or three years for most offenses), but again some offenses may provide for a minimum sentence. The judge's choice of which sentence level to choose will be aided by the probation report and recommendation, as well as input from the District Attorney and the defense attorney.

Hope this helps.

Although I am an experienced CA criminal defense and appeals attorney, I can not 'guarantee' that my answer is... more
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Shamoon Aziz Budhwani

Shamoon Aziz Budhwani

Criminal Defense Attorney - Irvine, CA
Answered

Judge

Omer Jaleel

Omer Jaleel

Criminal Defense Attorney - Oak Brook, IL
Answered

Ultimately it is the judge. Minimum and maximum sentence are just that a floor and a ceiling of the sentencing range.

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