Who can claim minor child on taxes?

Asked almost 3 years ago - Appleton, WI

The divorce in question has been final for almost a decade. Minor child is primarily living with father, who is receiving $32 per week in support from mother. Mother has visitation on average of 2 nights per week.
Father has paid all of child's medical expenses.
Father has paid all of child's school expenses.
Mother filed bankrupsy this year, and is unemployed currently.
Father has provided more than 75% of lunch money expenses.

Current court document in place says mother claims child every year. This was a handwritten document signed by both parties while the child was still in primary care of mother. Circumstances drastically changed this year. Document not signed by judge.

Who gets to claim the child on their 2011 taxes? If father claims child, will he get in trouble by IRS?

Attorney answers (3)

  1. Howard M Lewis

    Pro

    Contributor Level 20

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    Lawyers agree

    12

    Answered . I am sorry that you are going through this. The court order will control until you change it, the IRS doesn't really care they only want an answer and to be paid, so if there is a change in material circumstances and you feel that you deserve the deduction and that the original handwritten document needs to be altered, file a complaint for modification with the court. take care and good luck.

    Legal disclaimer: The response given is not intended to create, nor does it create an ongoing duty to respond to... more
  2. R. S. Missimer

    Contributor Level 16

    4

    Lawyers agree

    Answered . The answer depends on who you ask.

    The IRS only cares about form 8332. Without it, one does get in trouble with the IRS.

    The court only cares about its order. So, for them to care otherwise, you have to go back to court.

    The other parent will keep doing what the court order says because they have the court on their side.

    So, that seems to say that the other parents will get them until the court orders otherwise.

  3. Christopher Michael Larson

    Contributor Level 19

    2

    Lawyers agree

    Answered . It sounds as if the father will be allowed to claim the child as he has them for a substantial part of the year and provides the majority of the support. If the mother were to claim the child, she will need to have a signed form, not the father. The father will merely need to establish that the child lived with him a majority of the year. Mail from the child's school addressed to the custodial parent is usually good enough to substantiate this and place the burden on the other parent to produce something better.

    Christopher Larson Insight Law www.insightlawfirm.com

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