I plead guilty in federal court in 1999 and ordered to pay restitution under MVRA. I spent 6 months in a prison boot-camp, 6 months in a halfway house, then another 3 years on probation. I know that the statute says 20 years from the end of imprisonment. But do the boot-camp, halfway house, and/or probation count as imprisonment? At exactly what point did my 20 years start?
18 USC Section 3613(b) limits a defendant's liability for restitution to twenty years from the *later* of the date of the judgment or the defendant's release from imprisonment. (That is also the language of the statute as it existed in 1999.) In your case, "boot camp" (which no longer exists in the federal prison system) was known as the "Shock Incarceration Program," and was considered a term of imprisonment. Therefore, the limitations period began on the day that you were released from boot camp.
Joshua Sabert Lowther, Esq.
NATIONAL FEDERAL DEFENSE GROUP
The six months in a halfway house was part of your prison sentence. The 20 years started on the first day of your probation. Be aware, however, that pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3664(m), the victim to whom restitution is due can obtain a judgment against you for the amount of the restitution and have it filed as a lien against your property. The 20 year limit applies to your obligations to the feds and would not limit the victim's own collection efforts which would be governed by the laws in the state in which the lien was filed against you.