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When do detectives have to re-read the Miranda warning to a suspect?

Pittsburgh, PA |

Do they have to read it every time they want to ask you questions that they can use in court?

Attorney Answers 4

Posted

There is case law on this issue. Each case must be evaluated to determine if your rights have been violated. An experienced criminal defense attorney should be retained.

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Posted

Once the detectives have advised the suspect of their rights, they do not need to re-advise during the remainder of the questioning session.

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Asker

Posted

So after the first questioning session, 9 days later they decide they want to question again, they don't have to read the Miranda rights any more?

William A. Jones Jr.

William A. Jones Jr.

Posted

I will of course let Attorney Holbrook speak for himself on this, but I suspect he was not thinking in terms of the time separation you posted in your comment. I do not think a court would find a 9-day-old Miranda Waiver to be of continuing validity. Again, these issues are very fact dependent. The best course of action is not to waive that most important right at anytime.

Douglas Holbrook

Douglas Holbrook

Posted

What I said was that once the detectives have advised the suspect of their rights, they do not need to re-advise during the remainder of the questioning session. Once the session is over, if they decide to re-question, they need to re-advise. Deciding to question again, nine days later, would appear to me to be a whole new session, requiring a re-advisal of those rights.

Posted

Once you have waived them they are deemed waived until you invoke them. Hire an attorney to see if the statement can be suppressed or if there are any other defenses.

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Posted

In Commonwealth v. Ingram, 814 A.2d 264 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2002), the Pennsylvania Superior Court held that Miranda warnings are required whenever a suspect is subject to a “custodial interrogation,” meaning, whenever a person has “been deprived of his [or her] freedom of action in any significant way.” Specifically, the Superior Court found:

Miranda warnings are required where a suspect is subject to custodial interrogation. Custodial interrogation has been defined as “questioning initiated by law enforcement officers after a person has been taken into custody or otherwise deprived of his [or her] freedom of action in any significant way.” Interrogation occurs where the police should know that their words or actions are reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response from the suspect.

Id. at 270-71. The term Miranda, of course, refer to the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966) where the high Court upheld the fifth amendment’s constitutional privilege against self-incrimination finding that:

the prosecution may not use statements, whether exculpatory or inculpatory, stemming from custodial interrogation of the defendant unless it demonstrates the use of procedural safeguards effective to secure the privilege against self-incrimination. …. Prior to any questioning, the person must be warned that he has a right to remain silent, that any statement he does make may be used as evidence against him, and that he has a right to the presence of an attorney, either retained or appointed.

Id. at 444-45. Since the Miranda decision, the Supreme Court has broadened the scope of this Constitutional protection, noting that a conversation with law enforcement is a custodial interrogation warranting a reading of the Miranda rights whenever "a reasonable person would have felt he or she was not at liberty to terminate the interrogation and leave." Thompson v. Keohane, 516 U.S. 99, 112 (1995).

Stew Crawford, Jr., Esq.
Crawford Law Firm

www.crawfordlaw.org
877-992-6311

A Full Service Law Firm Serving Pennsylvania & New Jersey

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