I am preparing paperwork to apply for U nonimmigrant status for my mom and myself. We are both inadmissible, and therefore need a waiver of inadmissibility, and we are both in the United States.
What is the difference between the I-601 Application for Waiver of Grounds of Inadmissibility and the I-192 Application for Advance Permission to Enter as Nonimmigrant? In the USCIS website, both forms include information for U-Visa applicants, and I am wondering what the difference is between the two.
The I-192 is for nonimmigrant status like the U, whereas the I-601 is to waive a ground of inadmissibiliy when adjusting status to legal permanent resident. Nonimmigrant status is a visa of limited duration without permanency, while the immigrant visa intention is to live permanently in the US. The U is a hybrid as it allows adjustment of status after year 3. But like most other nonimmigrant visas it expires and is not permanent. Have your attorney explain this to you. I do not advise you to do this on your own. It's very technical. The I-918 sup B sign by law enforcement must contain the correct language. If denied, you may not be able to reapply. There are many non profits that are low or no fee. This is too important to do yourself.
U do not use I 601 form for a U visa related waiver. Use I192 but do it with an attorney
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The I-192 is much more forgiving than the I-601 and easier to obtain, especially for U visa applicants. The I-601 is usually tied to proving a US citizen/LPR spouse or parent (or sometimes child) is going to suffer extreme hardship if the I-601 is not approved. There's no need to prove extreme hardship for the I-192. The I-192 also forgives grounds of inadmissibility that are not forgiven by the I-601.