What is the difference between a non-Employee contractor and an Independent contractor?

Is there a legal difference at the Federal or state level between a worker who is not an employee and just a contractor, and that of an Independent contractor? Why is it that some contractors are given form W-4 while independent contractors are given W-9? Does the distinction come from if the worker is working for a company via going through a staffing agency or not?

Dallas, TX -

Attorney Answers (3)

Lewis Andrew Lefko

Lewis Andrew Lefko

Health Care Lawyer - Addison, TX
Answered

Texas has different classifications of non-employees depending upon the type of company you work for. If you work for a staffing company, you are referred to as a "temp" or "temporary employee" and are assigned to the client company for a short period of time. The staffing company is your employer.
If you are assigned to a client company for a long period of time, you may be a "leased employee" and the company you work for may be a Texas-licensed staff leasing company. There are also co-employment and joint employment arrangements in which the client company and staffing company mutually decide which party will be responsible for certain employment functions. The Texas Workforce Commission website has legal descriptions of the different types of non-employee arrangements in addition to a description of independent contractors.

Orsen E. Paxton III

Orsen E. Paxton III

Business Attorney - Arlington, TX
Answered

In Texas it is very difficult to classify anyone as an independent contractor if they are told when to work, where to work, and provided what they need to do the work. Even if they only do the work for a short period of time, they would be an employee.

DISCLAIMER: This is not specific legal advice and does not establish an attorney/client relationship.
Nathaniel John Oleson

Nathaniel John Oleson

Landlord / Tenant Lawyer - Ramona, CA
Answered

A W-9 is given to Independent Contractors, which is anyone who performs work without being hired as an employee. People who get jobs through a staffing agency are employees of the staffing agency until some contractual period of time has passed, and as such would be given a W-4 from the staffing agency.

THESE COMMENTS MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED LEGAL ADVICE. Comments made on websites such as Avvo.com are provided for... more

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