My first question is when a subpoena is served by the DA of one state on a resident of CA how does the subpoena need to be served (e.g. mail, in person)? This is a subpoena that is going to be served on me (in CA) from another state. This state wants my testimony in a criminal matter. I am disabled and cannot travel to another state. Once served in CA can I go before a local judge to prove undue hardship (e.g. letters from physicians)? Also note this is a death penalty trial and the state serving the subpoena does not have any type of witness protection and I also can't remember much regarding the event.
Concerning the first question....do they have to serve me in person or can they simply have the subpoena left with someone else? Thanks for everyone's helpful response(s). Wow...seems as though witness(s) do not have any protections (unless one is the victim of a sexual crime)., but criminal defendants have loads of rights.
Criminal Defense Attorney
If you are validly served PERSONALLY and not by mail, you have to appear or a warrant may be issued for your arrest. I suggest retaining counsel to deal with the subpoena. Going to a local judge won't do any good because a local judge has nothing to do with the subpoena. The issuing state has to provide you with travel expenses, including plane or bus fare, motel expenses and food.
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A subpoena must be served personally. DAs often serve subpoenas by mail and ask you to call to acknowledge receipt. If you do that a Court may consider you served.
Beyond that there is a procedure that must be followed when another state wants to command your presence in their courts. This usually involves getting a CA court to issue a subpoena commanding your attendance and personal service.
If your health is truly a concern you need an attorney to help you deal with this.
Criminal Defense Attorney
Personal service is required. Forget about local courts, they have no jurisdiction. Seek counsel.
Hire an attorney. Dont speak to DAs or law enforcement who may wish to trap you into acknowledging that you received a mailed subpoena (which isn't sufficient). An attorney will advise you further on how to legally avoid having to testify in this matter. Don't try to handle this yourself, by going to court and attempting to prove "undue hardship". This won't work and may end up acting as a waiver of any right you have to legally avoid testifying. Since this is a state court trial, you most likely will not be provided any witness protection that you might need in a serious death penalty case. Beat of luck
Speeding / Traffic Ticket Lawyer
A subpoena mailed or personally delivered from an out of state court has no legal effect in the State of California. A lawful order requiring out of state attendance at a trail requires the party seeking attendance of the witness to obtain or order from a court of lawful jurisdiction in the state where the witness resides compelling the witness to attend trail in the other state.