So long as you have a valid marriage you can file. As to the specifics of the case you should meet with an attorney to go over the details.
Samuel Ouya Maina, Esq. 415.391.6612 firstname.lastname@example.org Law Offices of S. Ouya Maina, PC 332 Pine Street, Suite 707 San Francisco, CA 94104
That scenario is actually quite common and USCIS does not seem to mind as long as you can show that you intent to have a life together.
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A civil ceremony and official marriage certificate is sufficient to file. Although USCIS considers a marriage celebration in determining the bona fides of your relationship, it is not uncommon that couples have a later ceremony. You should be fine if you can otherwise demonstrate a bona fide relationship.
There is no problem filing before you have the religious ceremony, it will not be viewed negatively.
The above is intended only as general information, and does not constitute legal advice. You must speak with an attorney to discuss your individual case.
As my colleagues explained, the key is having a bona fide relationship. Talk with an attorney before you apply. You may need advanced parole if you leave the country before your application is final.
Dhenu Savla, Esq.
This answer does not create an attorney-client relationship and is not meant to be relied upon as legal advice.