I am engaged to a Filipino woman and we're planning on marrying when I go back to the Philippines in Jan. I'm not sure which visa would move us quicker through the process to get her here.
Processing times for both fluctuate. Generally the fiance visas move a bit faster, but that is definitely not always the case. As my colleague pointed out, there is a backlog for the spousal petitions, but it seems that will be hopefully be getting resolved soon. There will be an additional step to adjust status if she does come here as a fiancee. I would probably recommend doing the spousal petition, since you are already planning to get married in January anyway, and also because, as my other colleague pointed out, the Philippines are considered a higher fraud country. If you are already married, it tends to prove that the relationship is bona fide, more so than an engagement. Either way be prepared to prove up the relationship. Best of luck!
processing times for both are available at uscis.gov - you can make an informed decision by checking it out. In my opinion, a fiance visa may be faster if approved and all goes well at the interview. There has been a huge backlog with the adjudication of the I-130s. However, yesterday CIS has issued a memo indicating they are doing all they can to shorten this process up. In either way, I would consult with an experienced attorney to discuss the pros and cons for both.
Probably a spouse petition. You should be aware that these petitions are generally approved in the U.S. by USCIS but when immigrants seek to immigrant visas abroad they often have troubles at the consulate due to the prevalence of fraudulent marriages. The Philippines is generally considered a high marriage fraud country and you are highly encouraged to seek legal counsel. Otherwise, you may see significant delays in the issuance of her immigrant visa. Good luck.
A spouse petition, but note that deciding between the two is something you should do after a thorough discussion with an immigration attorney to go over pros and cons. You can learn more on your own by checking these video guides... K1: http://westimmigration.com/k1-fiancee-visa-do-i... vs. I-130/NVC (marriage petition) http://westimmigration.com/i-130nvc-do-it-yours...
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