In the state of Arizona, do companies have any right to terminate any employee for any reason that does not violate the law?
Arizona is an at-will state and lawyers can fire for cause or for no cause but not if the cause violates the law. If an employer is going to terminate for a cause that violates the law, however, they will obviously state that the termination was without cause and you'll have the burden to prove otherwise.
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Commercial Real Estate Attorney
The answer depends upon your employment status. If you are not under a contract with your employer or in a union, you can be fired for any reason or indeed for no reason (which would include a mistaken or incorrect reason). As the previous answer states, Arizona is an "at-will" state - that means you can quit without giving notice and you can be fired without notice. Of course, you cannot be fired for a constitutionally-protected reason (age , gender, national origin, for example) Generally, employees who work under an employment contract can only be terminated for reasons specified in the contract. If you are in a union, then your union representative will be able to inform you of your rights and will file a grievance on your behalf if they feel the termination violated the collective bargaining agreement. Arizona is a "Right to work" state meaning you cannot be fired merely becuase you refuse to join a union.
Many times, employers have an employee handbook which sets forth policies and procedures. Terminated employees often feel they have a claim against the employer if the employer did not follow the handbook's guidelines. But most handbooks and manuals state that nothign contained there chanegs the "at-will" status. The laws regarding an employer's duties and responsibilities arising under an employee handbook are complex, and a licensed attorney in your home state should be contacted to review individual circumstances.
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