My friend was recently pulled over and had .03 blood alcohol level. The police station released him pending charges. I read a case that upheld a person getting convicted of a DUI with a .03 alcohol level because even though he was below the legal limit the alcohol did impair his ability to drive. is this true in most circumstances?
My friend is 21. He was pulled over because he ran a yellow light. Furthermore, the cops claimed that he was speeding at 65mph in a 45pmh area. They arrested him and when they took the test at the police station about 30 min later it was at .03. He called me because I am a first year law student. I read that you can be charged with a DUI if the circumstances provided that assumption. I advised him to get a lawyer because I was not clear, but I told him that he could be charged. You all confirmed my research. Thanks for the advice, I will let him know to act immediately.
You can be convicted under 23152 (a) vc for driving while impaired. A BAC of .03 only means the level of alcohol in in his blood at the time he was tested. Drugs, prescription medicines, nyquil, etc. can also impair one's driving and lead to a conviction. Get an attorney to deal with this ASAP.
DUI / DWI Attorney
In California you may be charged for DUI under two sections, one is if you are at a .08 or above, and the second section allows for a DUI where the person is "under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs". To find someone "under the influence" the prosecution would have to show they were "impaired" by the substance. The prosecution would look to the driving, field sobriety tests, other observations and statements to try and prove the case. It is much harder to prove a DUI under these circumstances.
Yes, you can be convicted of a DUI with a .03. Realistically, however, unless there was drug use or VERY bad driving, or perhaps a statement by your friend to police like "wow I feel really drunk and am driving poorly because of it" it is most likely the prosecutor will decline to file charges.
DUI / DWI Attorney
He may be charged under section VC 23152(a) (a misdemeanor), as there is no BAC limit associated with this charged. The other attorneys described this charge and the difficulty prosecutors may have in proving this case. However, is your friend under the age of 21? This affects whether he can be charged under Vehicle Code Section 23136 (unlawful to be under 21 and drive with a BAC above .01%). This is a civil offense enforced by the DMV. Vehicle Code Section 2340 makes it unlawful for a person below the age of 21 to drive with a BAC above .05% (an infraction). It is important to know precisely what your friend is being charged with, and the circumstances of the arrest. For instance, based on the timing of the test, prosecutors may argue that your friends BAC was above .03% at the time of driving (and therefore more likely to be impaired). Talk to an attorney to make sure the charge is appropriate, and prosecutors are held to prove that charge.