I have just formed a family LLC for our real estate rental properties for asset protection purposes. We are in the process of refinancing almost all of our properties. The real estate is currently not in the LLC. My concern prior to transferring our real estate to the LLC, is that I had heard that if you transfer the title of the mortgage company to the LLC it could use the "due on sale" clause on the mortgages. Is there any way around this? Would it be better to quit claim or warranty deed the title to the LLC ? Since I am refinancing, should I refinance the mortgage with the LLC name or none of the above?
Yes, if you change the form of the title from the name of an individual or individuals, many banks will consider it to be a transfer and feel that their interest is no longer secured and call it "due on sale." So, whether you transfer it by quitclaim or warranty deed it makes no difference. What you need to do is get consent of whomever is financing the real estate agrees to honor the transfer or refinance the mortgage under the name of the LLC. Go through a real estate or business attorney.
You cannot legally "sell" or "transfer" your property to the Family LLC without violating at least two provisions of the mortgage. There is no legal way around this. The lender will eventually learn you did this and will take legal action. Yes, you can refinance in the LLC name. But... most lenders consider lending money to an LLC for rental property extremely high risk. Lenders will lend money, but they usually want 65% Loan to Equity value and charge a much higher interest rate. What you want is the cheaper rate of a individual owner, while maintaining the protection of an LLC. No lender will do that. So go to your lender, tell them your plan, and get the property refinanced correctly in the LLC name or get ready to face the consequences when the lender learns you just transfer title on its collateral.
Yes, you should refinance in the name of the LLC, although the lender will probably want personal guarantees on the loan. Since the purpose of the LLC is to create a legitimate business that is shielded as much as possible from creditors, the more steps you take to have theh LLC stand on its own, the better. As to the type of title to pass, the lender will probably have its own requirements.
There are several real estate documents that may be required when buying or selling property, including a purchase agreement, property disclosure and deed.
A quitclaim deed is used to transfer ownership without a sale taking place or verifying ownership. It's often used to transfer property between family members.