My ex and i had a son out of wed lock. He was abusive before, during, and after the pregnancy. When my son was about 10 months old we broke up. Since then i've kept a notebook with a record of everytime he provided anything for our son (before child support). Every visit and phone call. Basically anything that had to do between my ex, myself, and my child. Hr never had much to do with our son even when we lived together. He would if he had to watch him he would get really pissed off that i forbid him to take him out of my home to his friends. His friends where their houses are filthy and filled with pot smoke. If he watched him over night id come home to my son in the same clothes drench in his own pee and poop. Finally because i wouldnt let him take my son on his own he decided he wouldnt come around until i did. He lived maybe 5 blocks away and for 6 months straight hasnt seen his child. Never once called or anything. Now being the 7th month he has gone without seeing our child i randomly found out he moved to michigan. I found out over a week after. He didnt inform me or try to see his son before leaving. I called and reported him to child support. He moved theirr becuasr of some girl and he dj's for raves. He's always cared more about the raves and the drugs that come with the scene than anything else. Now i've always left it open to him that he can come see his kid any day every day but it just has to be at my house. But now instead of trying to give my child his father who is nothing but a child himself. I'd rather spare my child the heartbreak of years to come. I want his father out of his life for good. I mean he already is but i want it to be legal. And as many times as i ask the father to sign over his rights he avoids the question or starts yelling about it. Like out of spite he keeps it legal just so he can piss me off.
Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Attorney
Unfortunately, I hear about situations like yours a lot.
As an unmarried woman who gave birth to a child, unless a court of competent jurisdiction has awarded the father right to custody and/or visitation, he has no right to see the child, except at your discretion.
There is a common incorrect belief that a father who wants nothing to do with his child can "sign over" his rights, or that his rights can be terminated because he does not choose to see his child.
While a court of competent jurisdiction "can" terminate a parent's rights, it is unlikely to do so in a situation like yours (where one parent is responsible and taking adequate care of the child) unless the custodial parent has married, the biological parent has effectively abandoned the child (non-support and non-contact for the statutory period) and the spouse is willing to adopt the child and undertake the parental responsibility.
The rationale for this unwillingness to sever the parent/child relationship is that if the State terminates the father's rights and you become unable to care for the child, the state, having relieved the biological parent of his responsibility of support, must undertake the full burden of care.
So long as no court has granted him the right to visitation, you are within your right as an unmarried woman who gave birth to refuse contact. If the father brings an action for custody and/or visitation, you will have the opportunity to present evidence that the father is unsafe to be around the child or that any visitation should be supervised.
The above information is shared for educational and discussion purposes only. No attorney-client relationship is intended or established through your reliance on the information provided. If your legal rights could be impacted by using this information, you are urged to seek legal counsel before taking action.
It is difficult to determine from your question if your "ex" ever legitimized your son (signed the birth certificate) or if parentage (paternity) was established by filing an action in the Juvenile Court of the County of your residence to establish who is the legal father of your son. As the previous answer indicated, if there has been no adjudication by the Juvenile Court to establish the legal rights of the father, he has none! Simply, that means any contact or communication would be voluntary on your part. If legal rights were established then you must comply with the Court order unless you file a Motion with the Court to restrict the father's legal rights (you will need to consult with an experienced local attorney to determine if and how this should be done). Some possible restrictions would include requesting supervised visitation (typically at a court or designated location). Further, you may want to consider both filing a motion and seeking the appointment of a guardian ad litem (a legal guardian to represent your son) to investigate matters, report to the Court and make recommendations concerning the "best interest of your son". However, it is absolutely correct that the Courts are reluctant to extinguish the legal rights of a parent. Clearly, from the information you have provided having the assistance of legal counsel and seeking to implement safeguards to protect your son make sense. I urge you to contact a qualified attorney in your community to explore your legal rights and remedies. Good Luck!
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS POSTED ARE FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND ARE NOT TO BE CONSTRUED AS CREATING AN ATTORNEY-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP. SPECIFIC QUESTIONS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED WITH A QUALIFIED ATTORNEY OF YOUR CHOOSING.
Family Law Attorney
I am sorry, but you did sleep with this guy in order to have a child with him. That makes him the father. He may be a bad father, and he may never have much a relationship with his son, but we consider biology to be determinative and therefore he is the father.
I do not understand how you are sparring your child heartbreak by looking to deny him a father. And legally he is the father as you mention child support - if it is ordered to be paid then he is legally the father. But legally being the father does not automatically give him any rights to his child, just a ability to establish rights via the court system.
He is not doing anything in spite or to piss you off, as there is no legal action that he can just go to court and sign his rights away short of another man adopting the child. It is urban myth that you can walk away from your rights. Think about it, if a guy could go sign away his rights and not be the father, then why do thousand of men go to jail each year for not paying child support if all they needed to do was sign away their rights and no longer have to pay child support.
To change the name, you have to go to probate court and follow the procedures to legally change a name.
This answer is being provided as general advice only and is not to be relied upon for specific circumstances. By answering the question, no attorney-client relationship is created. As for any matter, it is best to seek consultation in person with an attorney who practices in the area of law in which you are inquiring.