Is there a "formula" for determining compensation/settlement in a personal injury case (specifically a "premises liability" claim)? How much can reasonably be claimed for "pain and suffering" and/or emotional distress? Is it a percentage or multiple of the amount of lost wages and/or medical expenses?
Assuming there is liability, you are entitled to all past and future medical expenses, lost income and pain and suffering. Determination of these amounts are very fact specific, especially pain and suffering which is based on the subective experience (judged objectively) of the person who was hurt. There was a rule of thumb many years ago of "three times the specials" is the total value of the case, and while it may be a starting point in some cases, but both insurance companies and attorneys will tell you there is no real "formula" and each case has to be considered on its unique facts.
The "formula" for maximizing your recovery is to know the marketplace. Your lawyer will know the range of awards for similar injuries in your jurisdiction, and will have access to jury verdict and settlement reporters showing results in other cases. He will know about the tendancy of juries and judges, and he will have experience gleaned from years of practice. He will then consider your injuries, course of treatment, the opinions of your medical and vocational providers, and the impacts on your daily and future life. Lost wages, benefits and other special damages may also factor in to his advice. And then, in consultation with you, he will establish a range of recovery as a target. Your ultimate recovery will depend on the course of negotiations, or the willingness of a judge or jury to make the award.
There is no formula that I'm aware of. You have to prove that the defendant is negligent or violated the law in some. This is a big issue in many premises liability cases. These types of cases are very fact dependent. By that I mean, the outcome can vary substantially, depending upon specific facts and circumstances.
You also have to prove that the defendant's negligence was a cause of harm/injury to you. Then, you have to prove that you were injured. In terms of the value of pain and suffering or emotional distress, that too varies from case to case.
Generally, an experienced lawyer can help maximize the value of a case and will know how to deal with common defenses and issues raised by the insurer. Good luck.
I practice law here in Maryland in Prince George's county where you reside. There is no straight formula. The key is whether you can present a credible threat that you will take them to court and win. If not, they will lowball you by a lot
So you probably need to retain an attorney if you want to maximize your settlement.
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There are many factors that go into a personal injury settlement evaluation. You should immediately contact an experienced personal injury attorney since the insurance adjusters will often not include all the factors they should include. We will advocate for you, the injured client, and get everything included, such as outstanding medical expenses, lost wages, periods of total and partial disability, and values for scarring, disfigurement, permanancy or residual symptoms.
The first thing that can be said in answer to your question that that the value of the case will be much more if you are represented by a good attorney. Therefore, one answer to the question of your case and how to evaluate it to obtain the maximum possible is to bet the best personal injury attorney you can find in your area. Next, an insurance company determines a settlement amount for a personal injury case by looking at the extent of the treatment and its costs received by the injured party and also determining who is at fault for causing the injury. There is a formula that they use to evaluate the case in those two respects and determine where to being negotiating with the injured party and /or their attorneys. Some formulas can use a multiplier where they multiply the lost wages and medical expenses to come up with a pain and suffering number but as other attorneys have responded that number is so arbitrary that it is flawed and is considered inaccurate. The real answer to your question it seems is to provide you with a number, however, based on the facts provided here that is impossible to do. There are too many unknowns in this scenario to give you a real accurate number. I’m sure if you contact a well-respected personal attorney in your area, he or she will have questions for you to answer, after which they could give you a pretty accurate range of the cases value.
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