I was convicted of Theft-Retail in 2009 that resulted in just a forfeiture and is not a criminal offense.
I have been looking for a job for over a year and feel like it's because of my Criminal Record. I want to get it expunged, and as far as I can tell, it is possible. Only problem is, I filled out the petition, but don't know what to do next. Do I send it to the clerk's office of the county of my offense or elsewhere? There is no explanation that I can tell as to what to do next.
Also, if an application asks "Have you ever been convicted of a crime or pleaded no contest for any offense or violation other than minor traffic violations" Do I answer yes or no if it says on the CCAP "This is not a criminal offense"?
Criminal Defense Attorney
If you're going to file a Petition for Expungement, you would want to file it with the court that convicted you, and that court can either deny it, grant it, or schedule a hearing on it to talk to you face to face. Assuming you do get a hearing on it, you're going to want to come in with more than "I haven't committed any new crimes;" you'd need to show a court that you've actually done lots of positive things since the case, and I mean every detail of every positive thing.
That being said, if what you're saying is true and you were actually convicted of a civil forfeiture, it's not your criminal record, because if that's the only thing you've done, you don't actually HAVE a criminal record. A civil forfeiture like this is at the same level of a speeding ticket. Now, granted, employers don't have to hire you for speeding tickets either, but my point is that they don't tend to check municipal violations in background checks; they tend to focus on misdemeanors and felonies. So your petition for expungement may be denied purely because there's no crime to expunge.
2 lawyers agree
Criminal Defense Attorney
First, the fact that you were "convicted" of a civil non-criminal theft will probably NOT prevent you from pursuing expungment under Sec. 973.015 Wis. Stats. A fairly recent Court of Appeals decision ruled that the expungment statute DOES apply to non-criminal ordinance violations. Because that Court of Appeals decision was NOT published, a trial court can but does not have to follow the ruling. Therefore, I do agree with one aspect of Attorney Goldman's answer, if you follow through, you will need to come armed with more than just "I haven't committed any new crimes".
The bigger problem you might have is the requirement of Sec., 973.015 that the sentencing court make a determination on the expungment issue AT THE TIME OF SENTENCING. I practice in counties all over the state and have found that more and more trial judges are strictly applying this lnaguage AGAINST defendants. At the original sentencing hearing, did you, your attorney, the DA or the court mention expungment? If yes, you should be able to bring your expungment petition. If no one mentioned expungment, and the trial judge wants to be "difficult", the court could deny your motion on this ground alone.
My advice to you is to get a lawyer who is familiar with your sentencing judge and the DA that prosecuted the matter. The old saying "Its not what you know but who you know (and how well you get along with the important people)" might be especially true for your case.
DUI / DWI Attorney
While I generally agree with Attorney Golden's answer, I would add civil ordinance violations may be expunged. (See the Melody P.M. case: http://www.wisbar.org/res/capp/2010/2009ap002994.htm.)
Expunging civil ordinance violations, however, involves complex legal arguments, requiring an attorney. Such an undertaking is likely to be expensive with no guarantee of success. You should weigh this against the fact a civil ordinance violation is not a crime.
As for your second question, you may answer "no" based on the information contained in your post.