My fiance has qualified for DACA and has plans to start college. While his family crossed over illegally when he was very young, he was given a social security card before he began elementary school that says "Not Valid for Work." We are told this is still his SSN and he will keep it for work eligibility. I know he cannot qualify for FAFSA, but can he still qualify for a private loan from a bank, perhaps with a cosigner? Are there any known DACA-friendly banks? He currently has a checking account at a credit union with no issues.
Yes, depending on the bank's policies, he can qualify for a loan, that is, there is no federal or state law of which I am aware that prohibits a bank from lending to an undocumented individual. A co-signer will surely help. He may also be eligible for private school or foundation scholarships. The credit union would be a good place to look first.
Through his DACA approval he would receive an employment authorization card which he can use to obtain a new Social Security card which won't read "Not Valid for Work". His number will be the same, but he can get a new card. Aside from that issue, I agree with my colleague - the requirements vary by bank or by loan, but it's possible that the actual requirement is that he be "lawfully present in the United States". What "lawfully present" means is actually somewhat complicated, but in some contexts, deferred action is included. I suggest obtaining his new Social Security card once he is approved for DACA, and if the problem persists, contacting an attorney at that time. I have attached a link you may find useful. Good luck!
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