a) Can I apply for a H1B visa in April 2013?
b)Does my period of stay on a L1A visa apply to a H1B visa ?
c) My spouse is on a L2 visa with an EAD. Can her employer apply for a Green Card ?
Generally speaking, an H-1B visa has a stay limitation of 6 years. Time spent in L-1 status counts towards that six year limitation. If you have been in L-1 status since 2007 it appears that you are ineligible for an H-1B visa until you spend 1 year outside the U.S. (there are some exceptions to this rule).
Your wife's employer can petition for a green card for your wife but what that process will entail depends on a number of different factors. Consult with an experienced immigration attorney who can review the facts of your case, advise you of the options available, and recommend how best to proceed.
If you are in status, and will be in status until October 1, 2013, you can apply for change of status in April 2013. Your period on L1 does not count towards the six year limit for H1b. Whether your spouse is eligible for an immigrant visa depends on the job title, wages, and availability of U.S. workers for the position, among other things.
I agree with Jeffrey. The total time that one can be on H-1B is 6 years and L-1A is 7 years. Time on L counts towards H-1B so if you continue to stay in the U.S. until May, you would have already used up your time in H/L. Your and/ or your spouse's employer can apply for immigrant visa petitions. Feel free to call my office if you need more information.
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