In the news there was a story from Florida of a politician pleading guilty before Circuit Judge Marc Lubet.
I thought that Circuit courts are Federal Appellate Courts (11 Circuit Courts in the U.S.). And Federal Trial Courts are called U.S. District Courts (94 U.S. District Courts in the U.S.).
While on the state level, trial courts are called Superior Courts (For example in California, there are 58 Superior Courts and 451 court houses covering the 58 California counties).
So can a defendant make a plea in a Circuit Court?
Family Law Attorney
Federal appellate courts are Circuit Courts of Appeal. Circuit Court in Florida is the state Court with general jurisdiction over $15k for Covil and felonies for criminal courts). It is the equivalent to CA Superior Courts. The same level courts in the federal system are district courts as they are in state courts on Colorado. The moral of this story is that each sovereign can call its courts whatever it wants to call them. A defendant cannot enter a plea in any appellate courts. The Florida Circuit Court must have been the court at issue in your politician's case.
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Criminal Defense Attorney
State trial courts come with various names. For example in the State of Florida, their trial courts are called "circuit courts." In New York, the highest level trial courts are called the 'supreme court." So yes in Florida you can plea in the circuit court, but it is the state court.
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Illinois, for example, has no Magistrates Court, no Superior Court, no District Court, no Surrogate's Court, no Orphan's Court (my favorite) no Appellate Division and no Court of Criminal Appeals, all of which are found in some other states. The Illinois trial court is called the Circuit Court. The court that hears appeals from the circuit court is called the Appellate Court. The state's highest court is called the Supreme Court. Every state sets up its own court structure and uses its own names.