Who has the burden of proof in an employment defamation case? does the plaintiff have to prove the statement was false or does the defendant have to prove the statement was true?
Employment / Labor Attorney
I gather from your question heading that you believe your former employer is spreading lies about you to future employers. If that is the type of litigation you are considering, know that you have a steep uphill battle. As Mr. Eschen stated, you will have the burden to prove the employer's statements were false. You will also have to prove what those statements were and to whom the statements were communicated. Also, the employer making the statements may have a privilege (legal protection) for making those statements, depending on the circumstances. And if the employer's representative made statements that were his or her opinion, then it is not defamation.
So if the employer's rep told a prospective employer "It is my belief that Angel Applicant stole $250 from the cash register on February 3, 2012 when no one was looking, and used that money to buy drugs, and got arrested for buying drugs and spent some time in prison," that would NOT be defamation, even though it is very specific, simply because the speaker stated it was his or her opinion.
Defamation can be libel (written) or slander (oral). Each state has its own legal definition. Generally, defamation is a false and unprivileged statement which exposes a person to hatred, contempt, ridicule or injury, or which causes the person to be shunned or avoided, or which has a tendency to injure the person in his or her occupation. Some kinds of defamation require the plaintiff to prove actual harm. Other kinds of defamation constitute defamation per se, which means harm is assumed due to the nature of the defamation.
Not a good situation, but the law doesn't offer anything close to the protection people believe it will.
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Employment / Labor Attorney
The Plaintiff has the burden of proof in a defamation claim against a Defendant.
The above is general information only and is not legal advice. The information provided does not form an attorney-client relationship, and should not be relied upon to take or refrain from taking any action. I am not your attorney until we sign a retainer agreement. You should seek the advice of competent counsel before taking any action related to your inquiry.