Does a preparer have the right to a FOIA request as it relates to a IRS 6694 examination hearing?

Asked about 1 year ago - Fort Washington, MD

If the IRS has scheduled a 6694 examination hearing and during the course of communication the examiner informs the preparer that they are in possession of documentation that supports imposing preparer penalties, is it wise for the preparer to submit an FOIA request for all documentation and information in the IRS possession that they say will be used to support proposed penalties prior to the hearing? Because it is a 6694 hearing and the information being requested is outside of the 9 exemptions, would the IRS be able to move forward with the examination prior to providing that information for the preparer to review?

Attorney answers (4)

  1. Richard Gordon Stack

    Contributor Level 13


    Lawyers agree

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    Answered . Based upon the facts that you have set forth, it appears that the IRS examiner has proposed asserting tax return preparer penalties against you (or your client) and you have filed (or will soon file) a Protest of the proposed penalty determinations with the IRS Appeals Office. If that is the case, the Appeals hearing will probably not occur for another 6-12 months. Thus, you can submit a pro forma Protest to meet the 30-day time limit for filing protests and supplement it once you receive a response to your FOIA request.

    It would be best to submit your FOIA request as soon as the examiner has made his/her determination because it is common for the IRS to seek 2-3 extensions of 30 days to respond to your FOIA request. [If the examiner has not made a determination, it is quite possible that the response that you receive to the FOIA request will be quite paltry, on the ground that it would interfere with an ongoing tax investigation or with tax administration]. Please be aware of the fact that the IRS is often quite stingy in what it produces in response to FOIA requests, so it is by no means assured that the information that you are requesting falls outside the scope of various exemptions. You may believe that to be the case but the IRS often broadly construes FOIA exemptions (contrary to the legislative intent of Congress in enacting FOIA). So, the bottom line is, get your FOIA request in early and allow enough time for the IRS to respond to your request so that the information will come in handy during your Appeals hearing. Good luck!

    The answer to this question does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Moreover, this attorney is... more
  2. Bruce Givner

    Contributor Level 18


    Lawyers agree

    Answered . Yes you have the right to an FOIA request as it relates to an IRS 6694 (preparer penalty) examination hearing. Mr. Stack has given you superb advice about it.

  3. Patrick Cornelius Cotter

    Contributor Level 6


    Lawyers agree

    Answered . The previous posts have all provided you with good guidance. The only question I would ask is this - Has the preparer asked the examiner to share his or her workpapers? All they can do is say no, but that's not always the case, at least in my experience.

  4. Evan A Nielsen

    Contributor Level 18


    Lawyer agrees

    Answered . My colleagues are on point. And knowing what the IRS has is important in any defense of the issues here so the FOIA request is a must!

    Good luck.

    Evan A. Nielsen is licensed to practice law in California and handles federal tax matters throughout the U.S. The... more

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