What is the criterior for maintaining a resident card and not have it taken away from you
Live and work in the US.
Spend more days IN than you spend OUT of the US.
Anything less can be interpreted as you merely taking short 'vacations' in the US, rather than making this your permanent residence.
Many people ask me, what't the shortest amount of time a person can be out of the US and lose their LPR status. My answer: 1 day.
If they quit their US job, sell their US house, take their kids out of US schools, etc. ..... they have abandoned their residence in the US.
1. Do not commit any crimes.
2. Spend enough time in US not to create presumptions that you have abandoned your US residency. These presumptions may arise even if you spend less than 6 months abroad - they will look at your mode of behavior. Coming to US for a cup of coffee after a 3-month absence and then leaving again for 3 months and then repeating this pattern may very well create a presumption that you don't live here. In other words, they don't want you to use your green card as a tourist visa.
3. If you intend to travel for prolong periods of time be sure to have a travel document.
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