My mother's sister-in-law predeceased my mother by 3 months. Her will was probated after my mother's death and my mother was named a beneficiary. According to her will all estate will be distributed to survivors evenly. She had no assets at time of death and received this settlement in cash 4 months after her death and had no knowledge of it. Does the estate still have to pay what is left of inheritance to Medicaid?
Yes in all likelihood. The only exception is if Mom's S/I/L had a provision (common) that said a beneficiary had to survive at least [e.g., 30, 60, 90] days after the testator's death in order to collect.
So -- if S/I/L had such a clause in her will (a question?) then your Mom's estate may not be entitled to anything at all if she died in the designated window period (if any) as I gave by example.
My answer is not intended to be giving legal advice and this topic can be a complex area where the advice of a licensed attorney in your State should be obtained.
Elder Law Attorney
If I understand your question, your mother survived her sister-in-law and became entitled to a share of the sister-in-law's estate, which at the time of her death had no assets, but subsequently (4 months later) received cash. Later, your mother passed away.
It is unclear whether you are concerned about Medicaid making a claim against your mother's estate or the sister-in-law's estate. But regardless of which estate we are discussing, Medicaid can make a claim against probate estates and if the estate has funds, then Medicaid may be entitled to some portion of those funds. The fact that the estate had no funds at the time of death does not make any difference here. Nor does it make any difference whether the sister-in-law knew or didn't know about funds possibly coming to her in the future.
There are provisions to avoid a Medicaid claim if there is a hardship will be created by the claim. However, such hardship claims are only available for limited situations.
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