Can you? I guess. They can always charge you with anything. That doesn't mean they can prove it beyond all reasonable doubt. There's nothing in this scenario that makes it seems like they're going to be mailing you a ticket, though.
Your question is can you - yes. Under the facts you give, unlikely unless someone tells them that they saw you drinking. When you are a minor, the issue is actual possession of alcohol or signs of being under the influence. Apparently the officers did not believe either. Learn your lesson!