Can I read from pre-written opening and closing statements. I know I am not supposed to but can judge disallow?

Asked over 1 year ago - Van Nuys, CA

This is a limited non-jury trial. Is it better to ask for court's permission to read or just present it without asking?

Attorney answers (4)

  1. Malosack Berjis

    Contributor Level 20


    Lawyers agree

    Answered . If your question is whether you can present your opening statement and closing argument by reading them off of a sheet of paper (instead of presenting them from memory) then the answer to your question is that there is no need to ask for the court's permission before reading from your "pre-written" notes. I hope this helps.

  2. Michael Raymond Daymude

    Contributor Level 20


    Lawyer agrees

    Answered . The better practice, in my opinion, is to timely submit a written trial brief.

    I am licensed in California only and my answers on Avvo assume California law. Answers provided by me are for... more
  3. Christine C McCall


    Contributor Level 20

    Answered . In a bench trial you are likely to find that the court feels strongly that s/he does not need either an opening statement or a closing argument.

    My responses to questions on Avvo are never intended as legal advice and must not be relied upon as legal advice.... more
  4. Alex John Aretakis

    Contributor Level 3

    Answered . Reading a pre-written opening is fine. The closing will depend largely on the facts elicited at trial. The real issue is that by reading your opening may be less effective as you lose the connection with the judge. If possible you should prepare an opening brief for the court and have an outline of what you want to say in your opening statement. This way, you can engage with the judge and if you forget to make a specific point it is included in your written product.

Can't find what you're looking for? Ask a Lawyer

Get free answers from experienced attorneys.


Ask now

23,537 answers this week

2,722 attorneys answering

Ask a Lawyer

Get answers from top-rated lawyers.

  • It's FREE
  • It's easy
  • It's anonymous

23,537 answers this week

2,722 attorneys answering