First, your boyfriend needs a criminal defense attorney to defend his case. If and when he is acquitted or the charges are dropped, he MIGHT have a civil suit. I recommend focusing on proving his innocence first. Best of luck.
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Your BF is looking for a civil rights attorney. YOU have no standing to sue anyone. 'Standing' is a concept that boils down to this: only the person directly impacted can bring a suit. In what you described you are not directly impacted by the police actions, so you do not have standing to sue.
LOTS of info missing from your post---but let the AR civil rights attorney worry about getting that info.
Your BF can sue. Whether he has a chance of 'winning' depends on lots of facts not in your post. There is no way to predict whether he even has a case, on the spotty facts you posted.
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First and foremost--and, I hate to state the obvious--your boyfriend needs to fight these bogus charges, so that he can get out of jail. If he can't afford an attorney, then he can ask for a public defender. Then, he needs to find himself a competent civil rights to help him pursue any potential claim he may have.
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