Qualifying Child: There are five tests that must be met for a child to be your qualifying child. The five tests are: Relationship, Age, Residency, Support, and Joint return. As for the Relationship Test, to meet this test, a child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant (for example, your grandchild) of any of them. You meet this trust. As for age she must be under the age of 19, so this test is met. As to residency, if she lived with you this test is met. As to support, to meet this test, the child cannot have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. So you need to test to see if you provided more than half of her support when you count the $5,000 that she earned. As to the joint return, if she was not married at the end of the year you meet this test.
Finally, if she earned less than $5,700 she does not have to file a return if the income is all earned income and she had no passive income like dividends and interest. However, if there was withholding taxes taken out of her pay, she may want to file to get an income tax refund.
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I agree with attorney Fromm. You must meet the IRS requirements and she must not claim herself as a dependent on her own tax return. She should file because she may be entitled to a refund on her return.
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