I was recently arrested for Marijuana in the 2nd Degree, and possession of Drug paraphernalia in Covington County, Alabama. I had broken down on the way to the beach, and had no choice but to walk, a cop gave me a ride, decided to pat me down when i got out of the car, and found a marijuana pipe in my pocket. Now granted, this pipe clearly had residue on it, but no"freshly smoked" amount in the bowl or what ever. It was just a marijuana pipe, and that's all, but yet I was also charged with possession, is there anyway to combat this?
Car / Auto Accident Lawyer
They need enough to test. I would hire an attorney. Doubt if they had probable cause to even search you.
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DUI / DWI Attorney
There are a number of legal and factual issues here. The law regarding "search and seizure" is paramount, and if you did not give the police officer consent to search, there may be a valid basis to challenge the seizure of the pipe. If the pipe was used or intended for the use of illegal substances, such as marijuana, that constitutes the separate crime of 'Possession of Paraphernalia.' That crime is a Class A misdemeanor offense.
Your best course of action is to seek the professional services of a qualified criminal defense attorney to assist you. You should not rely on a 'court-appointed' lawyer for representation and under Alabama law, you might not be eligible for court appointed counsel, depending on the district court's interpretation of indigent status. For a listing of qualified attorneys, check the listings under the Avvo section of 'Criminal Defense.'
Criminal Defense Attorney
The pipe alone is enough for a paraphernalia charge. The residue could almost definitely get you for possession as well. The amount of the drug required is pretty irrelevant unless you're charged with trafficking. If there is marijuana in the pipe, no matter how insignificant, you're in possession of it on your person.
Your title is a little misleading. An officer can pat you down for Officer safety and when he feels something, like a pipe, that is obvious to him to be illegal he can get you to take it out.