In Florida they can garnish your settlement and I'm sure it is the same in Texas.
Call for a free consultation at 727-937-1400 or visit us on the Web at www.serviceandjustice.com.
If the Attorney General has notified your ex's lawyer of the arrears then any arrears you are owed should be held out of the settlement. Consult with your family law attorney that your ex's lawyer has in fact been given proper notice, but the AG's office is typically very good at making sure this gets done but it does not hurt to double check.
Any communication through the Avvo site with Portner Bond, PLLC or any individual member of the firm does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Any information given by Portner Bond, PLLC or any individual member of the firm through the Avvo site is general information and should not be relied on as legal advice. Confidential or time-sensitive information should be conducted in person with an attorney.
Once the attorney gets notice from the AG they should hold back the clients portion of a settlement to go toward the unpaid child support.
This answer is intended to be general in nature and not specific as to any person or fact situation. No attorney-client relationship exists for those reading this answer and readers should contact an attorney of their choosing for legal advice on their specific situation.