There are a number of factors that could be involved in this situation which would explain why the charges were not file (and they could still be filed at a later date). Is your boyfriend in ICE custody now or has he been released? I would recommend consulting with an immigration attorney, and perhaps a criminal attorney, to be proactive in a situation like this and to determine whether your boyfriend, whose immigration situation is unknown, has any defenses to removal if ICE detains him,
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I agree but it is likely that ICE determined that your boyfriend is subject to deportation. Once ICE takes custody of your bf, it will decide whether to set a bond. If no bond is set, then your bf needs to consider whether to request a bond redetermination hearing in immigration court. The factors that are required for a bond to be set must be met at that hearing.
I strongly recommend that you seek assistance from a competent and experienced immigration attorney.
The attorney can help investigate the facts to prove the factors that may allow the judge to set a lower bond. An experienced an immigration attorney can also help decide whether your bf has any way to apply for relief from deportation. Also, whether it is worth seeking relief immigration court or at a consulate or embassy.
This is general information, not legal advice, and does not create an attorney client relationship.