Assuming a visa number is immediately available it is typically issued by the Visa Office the same day it is requested. Your card will not go into production until the officer who adjudicated your application approves it. Generally speaking, officers are not supposed to request a visa number until they are ready to approve a case.
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As we do not know exactly what the officer meant, it is not possible to answer your questions.
J Charles Ferrari Eng & Nishimura 213.622.2255 The statement above is general in nature and does not constitute legal advice, as not all the facts are known. You should retain an attorney to review all the facts specific to your case in order to receive advise specific to your case. The statement above does not create an attorney/client relationship. Answers on Avvo can only be general ones, as specific answers would require knowledge of all the facts. As such, they may or may not apply to the question.
No, it means nothing of the sort. Until that very officer and his or her supervisor actually approves the petition, no production will happen. Before production, you will get a welcome letter congratulating you on the admission into the family of LPRs.
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Dear Writer, I am guessing that the officer meant that due to your 4th preference petition (for sibling of a USC), the visa is not available. For most of the countries, the cut off date is currently May 2001 (just became available), while Mexico and Philippines are even more backlogged. So we have to determine whether you filed your I-485 timely while the priority date was current and then it subsequently retrogressed and has not become available again, or whether you filed prematurely. 245(i) only helps with your illegal entry or unlawful status, not with the priority date. Please have your case reviewed by an experienced immigration attorney right away. Best regards.